Introduction to Faculty of Letters & Humanities

History Profile:

Faculty of Letters & Humanities & Herat University both were founded in 1367 in Herat City. This faculty which is believed to be the first faculty in Herat University, along with its first graduation, had graduated twenty five students both male and female who were selected from the pedagogy institute of Herat started its activities. At first, this faculty with having the teachers such as Abdul Raziq Nojomi Monajjimzada, Saeed Norrulla Saba, Abdul Salam Azim and Maliko Jan as key teachers of the faculty & Abdul Ahad Saghari, and one or two other teachers from Pedagogy Institute as assistant teachers and according to education plan of Kabul University of Faculty of Letters & Dari Language Department initiated its activities. As mentioned before, this faculty started its education activities with having only Dari Department.

Academic staffs of this faculty with membership of four people: Abdul Raziq Najomi Monajjinzada, Saeed Norrulaq Saba, Abdul Salam Azim, Saeed Yeya Azen & Maliko Jan has created in 1368. The basic subjects which had been taught were as follow : History of Dari Literature,  Reading Text,  Grammar( phonology, Syntax-Sematic), Linguistic( Fundamental of linguistic, General Linguistic, Descriptive Linguistic, Historical-Comparative Linguistic, Morphology, Terminology) Academic Skills, Figures of Speech, Rhetoric ,Eloquence, Persian Rimes) Literature Theories, Literary Criticism, Academic Methodology , Mystical Literature and Jami Shanasee.(جامی شناسی)

By joining of two prominent& skilled members of Afghanistan Academic Sciences by name of Mohammad Nasir Rahyab & the late Mohammad Masoud Rajahee in 1369 and by the presences of four former skilled teachers now this faculty had been enriched with six qualified staffs. In 1370 by the graduating of the first ten students, this department has hired two qualified students as teacher by now this faculty had eight members.

The English Department was created in 1376 in this faculty. This faculty until 1380 had pursed its purposes with just two departments: English and Dari. In 1380 special attentions were paid from the international society and by the efforts of great people of the country, a new face in history of politic and cultural of Afghanistan began.

After establishment of temporal office of Afghanistan government and according to the development plan of Herat University, two new departments: Arabic language literature& Journalism were approved in this faculty. Initiating of these two departments was taken place after the introducing and newcomers in 1381. Currently, about one hundred twenty students from both departments had been graduated.

German Department due to a requisite and serious need to German Language learning was created in 1885. Faculty of Letters& Humanities before creation of German Department, had taught German Language for two years students of Herat University with the cooperation of Khana-e-Farhang (culture home) of Germany. Then according to developing plan of Herat University & the cooperation DID organization and by the approving of Ministry of Higher Education started its first class in 1385. It is worth to mention that in 1381 by the direction of president of Afghanistan, Hamed Karzai, and the Pashto Department with seven teachers created and presently with having two hundred students is involved in teaching.

Developing plans of Faculty of Letters & Humanities.

From the beginning of this Faculty, twenty six years has passed. Journalism and Sociology Faculties have become independent. Also Sociology Faculty has joined as new created faculty to social sciences. Development of Faculty of Letters & Humanities has been dramatic. Presently, five active departments with forty three academic staffs are serving in this faculty.

Night-shift Higher Education.

Due to plenty of demanding of people who had been far from education from 1391 on, the night-shift higher education has been held in two departments: English & Dari. At present, more than 400 students both male and female that most of them are governmental staffs continue their education program.

Higher Education for Master Degree

Faculty of letters & Humanities by frequent efforts and the cooperation of Dari-Persian Department along with Head of Herat University could achieve the approval of Master Degree Program to hold it. This program in Dari Department was allowed to be taught according to article number 3055/4295 in 1393/7/5 by the respected ministry of higher education of Afghanistan. Its activities from 1394 Hamal 1st have initiated officially. In this program twenty five students and teachers who have graduated previously have registered themselves. Right now this program is entering into the second year. In addition, in 1395, twenty six qualified students have been introduced to this program. The member board of this program is the experienced & qualified teachers with master and Ph.D. degree of same department.

1

Ahmad Ghani Khousravi Ph.D. degree of Dari-Persian field from India

2

Mohammdulla Afzali Ph.D. degree of Dari-Persian literature field from India

3

Mohammad Nasir Rahyab Master Degree of Dari-Persian literature from Kabul,Afghanistan

4

Fazllurahman Fighiee Master Degree of Dari-Persian literature from Kabul,Afghanistan

5

Mohammad Dawod Monir Ph.D. degree of Dari-Persian literature from National University of Tajikistan

6

Salahadin Jami Ph.D. of Dari-Persian literature from National University of Tajikistan

 

The Mission Letters& Humanities Faculty:

Recognition of academic and cultural values of the country in last decades and today’s, being aware of glorious culture & literature of it, passing these values to the next generations, educating of youth in intention of realizing the culture and literature of this land, paving the way to the fields of research, criticism and observing the classic literature, familiarizing with languages, literatures of modern countries, promotion of general awareness via media, accessing to the native values of civil society via freedom of speech, professionalizing & making vocational the national media and finally,  learning the languages , world literature including Arabic, English and German languages are the key missions of the faculty.

Equipment & services of faculty of Letters & Humanities:

Faculty of Letters & Humanities initially had had no independent building though it was the first established one in Herat University. In 1393 one new-built building with the participation of Higher Education Minister was inaugurated. This faculty has been able to provide necessary materials for the students and teachers. It has used the majority of its sources.

The available equipment are in detailed:

  • Special library
  • Existence of classroom with projectors installed
  • Internship center ( soon to be opened)
  • Internet service (soon to be operated)
  • Consulting programs for students and newcomers
  • Learning & informing website(soon to be commenced)
  • Lobby for seminars  & academic-investigating conferences
  • Wall board students poster
  • Individual library for each single department

 

Faculty of Letters &Humanities with having a rich library to a large extent solves the needs of students and in formal times it is available for students. Each department has its own special library with authentic reference. From the managing aspects, this faculty has chairman, assistant, managing of student’s affairs, executives, sexually entrusted person, librarian, and two serving staffs who are in service of teachers and students. The classes are equipped with projectors; the departments and managing sections are equipped with computer system and internet.

Purposes of Letters& Humanities Faculty:

Social knowledge with recognition of various properties of society tends to figure out the position of human beings with their multi-aspects. The symbol and its prominent of cultural symbols has tendency to pave the way more and more toward prosperities with facilitating life and passing the living traits with its social properties.

Faculty of Letters& Humanities with departments such as, Dari, Pashto Literature Departments and foreign languages departments for example, English, Arabic, German pursues the following below purposes developing knowledge, culture and specialism.

Academic Purposes:

The Academic purposes of this faculty based on the undeniable needs of those who are interested in field have designed compiled. Of course the in the last decades of war and crisis situations that Afghan people have encountered, the government of Afghanistan has prioritized education in its first plans; for sure such purposes demand nights and days efforts to be accomplished.

  • Reaching to self-sufficient of knowledge, vocational & specialist, moving toward dynamic knowledge,  creating the new capacities & promoting the capacity of students toward effective activities
  • Categorizing the visions of yesterday and today’s society for distinguishing of goods from bads, improving the relationship, cooperation, helping senses, decreasing the racism & extremism, in order to following the correct path.
  • Promoting the quality-quantity of the faculty, academic instructions, making vocational special the students for better results regarding the national developing strategy of Afghanistan.
  • Regarding to anthropology & sociology for passing the depression according to modern humanitarian criteria, determining the social ways, creating & extending programs  based on the needs, demanding of time& essential investing for the purpose of due development.
  • Presenting the updated knowledge for teaching & improving the national staffs with working abilities to be ready for serving the current society.
  • Preparing investigating works & group researching by teachers & students for responding to important questions & solving the academic-cultural needs of the country

 

Learning Purposes:

This faculty base on the obvious needs of country for improving the researchers, receptors & authors in the field literature and culture & and for better teachers in order to presents good students to be the in service of the country & to protect the values of society honestly. Since then till now, hundreds of qualifies students, writes, researchers & teachers have been graduated from this faculty; our leaning purpose are detailed below.

  • Better & more understanding of culture of society_ especially language & literature of our people_ to benefit from the must culture and escape the trivial culture.
  • Becoming familiar with the world literature to convey the international knowledge & technology , and using them for better future of the country
  • Improving the national languages__ especially the official languages__ and preserving & improving these languages as scientific –cultural languages to have the ability of keeping and delivering the complex philosophical—scientific of modern issues.
  • Developing the competency of students in order to work in investigating-cultural organization & to produce their academic—investigating works.
  • Understanding of yesterday and today’s literature even the world literature to bring up those who can present good works to society
  • Improving the foreign languages to communicate with target language, & plenty need of our society to translation, and to some extent solve the problem of the communications
  • Understanding Arabic language professionally _ the language of Quran_ to become familiar with Islamic Culture and improving the religious matters
  • Translating of scientific and cultural of the country in foreign languages to the extent of facilities that are existed to take part in international culture

The conditions enrolling of student in the Faculty of Letters& Humanities

In the past students after graduation of schools and taking konkor (SAT) test, introduced in this faculty and after passing the special test from the department was enrolled in this faculty. Currently, students themselves have this right to choose their favorite department to be enrolled then.

Learning survey:

According to the survey which had been taken place on graduated students, almost all of these graduated guys currently have jobs. Our society needs these young especially in a situation that all the governmental & private schools, universities, media & publications are increasing, these graduated ones are really needed and have been hired.

 The content introduction:

  • Bachelor degree_ a four-year terms with eight semesters
  • Master degree_ a two-year terms with four semesters

Note: the credit system has been implemented since 1385 in this faculty.

 

Methodology

The methods are mostly students-based centers in this faculty; even though teachers with providing chapters and lecture notes help students, still students are assigned to bring homework, do their projects, and present their academic conferences.

 Method for evaluation of students:

The assessment of students varies from different subjects. In some subjects students are assessed twice. Five percent and midterm tests are taken from students or they are assigned to bring projects and conference to be evaluated.

Sample of teaching program of Dari Department:

Subject: literature history

Title of educating level bachelor degree

Name of University: Herat University

Faculty: letters &humanities

Department: Persian—Dari

Title & subject code: 4-122:Da-LL literature history(3)  2credits each week 2 hours teaching  a 50-minute test.

Teacher’s name with mentioning of his/her academic rank: Pohanmal Sayed Yahya Hazin

Address number: Faculty of letters & humanities

Cell phone: 0700419420

E-mail: hazin_2005@yahoo.com

Pre-required of the course: the subjects of literature history further terms

Course description: students’ information about their history& their culture

Objective of the subject: making aware of the students from the past history &literature

Methods: after lecture, questions & answers are taken place.

 

Methods of student evaluation:

Attendance sheet 5%

Class participation 10%

Projects 10%

Individual and group working 10%

Midterm 20%

Final test 50%

Syllabus:

Literature history (7-8 century)

Invasion of Moghul & Tatar

1-Social situation (7-8)

Some Islamic Difference

2-The situation of science in this century

Theology

Mind sciences

Literary sciences

3- The general situation of language &literature

The influence of Turkish—Mughuli in Persian-Dari language

4- the continuation of old tradition &gradual weakness

Praising poem

Sonnet

Story telling

Mystical versified works

Saghi-E-Nama

5-Persian poetry

Jalaladdin Mohammad Balkhi

Mahad Hamger

Emami Heravay

Afzalladdin Kashani

Sadie-e-Shirazi

Hafiz

Saif Farghani

Kamal Khajandi

Khajawi- Kermani

Mohammad Kateb Balkhi

Azhary Heravy

Amir Khousrow

Roknoddin Sahin

Ibn-Yemen-Freymandi

Wajebaddin Moshfighee

Salman Sawji

6- prose in 7-8 century

Tarekha- Jahangusha

Tabaghat Nasiry

Yemeni Tarekh(history)

Jamulltwarekh

Tarekh Wasaf

Tarekh Guzeda

Rozlsafa

Lababulbab

7-source &learning materials

Learning book

Other references (articles, books &magazines, websites) using of computer

Perspective

Reaching to a better faculty for better services for teachers, efforts for the accomplishment of academic with association to the situations of literary development of languages and most importantly, the spreading culture, respecting the usages of all national & official languages of the country in all aspects & regarding to languages, dialects and methods of their spreading out in Afghanistan & the civilized areas that we belong to them.

The jobs which possibly could be covered the graduations of this department

  • The experts of culture affairs & literature who work in different areas
  • Knowing literature & researching about situation of academic, language & in different civilizations
  • Translating the scientific books for training centers(schools& Universities)
  • Actualization in foundations & academic institutions
  • Writing articles & learning story for youths & publishing  academic works

 

 

Chart of academic members of Faculty Letters & Humanities based on each department

 

No.

Name

Last name

Academic rank

Education level

Department

Current case

1

Mohmmad Nasir

Rahyab

 

Master

Dari

Head of the  master board

2

Fazlurrahman

Faghee

 

Master

Dari

Vice president of Faculty

3

Khalil Ahmad

Jami

 

Bachelor

Dari

Lecturer  

4

Ahmad Ghani

Khousravi

 

Ph.D.

Dari

Lecturer

5

Said Masoud

Hussaini

 

Master

Dari

Lecturer

6

Mahjabin

Omar

 

Master

Dari

Lecturer

7

Mariyam

Zarif

 

Master

Dari

Head of the department

8

Said Yaya

Azin

 

Bachelor

Dari

Head of the department

9

M.Dawoud

Monir

 

Ph.D.

Dari

Lecturer

10

Zahida

Ghafouree

 

Master

Dari

Lecturer

11

Salahaddin

Jami

 

Ph.D.

Dari

Lecturer

12

Mohammadulla

Afzalee

 

Ph.D.

Dari

Lecturer

13

Homaira

Baher

 

Bachelor

English

Lecturer

14

Tuofiq

Sarwarzada

 

Master

English

Lecturer

15

Ab.Rahman

khousravi

 

Bachelor

English

Lecturer

16

Ziahaddin

Khamosh

 

Bachelor

English

Kabul Scholarship(M.D)

17

Kavita

Sarwary

 

Bachelor

English

Lecturer

18

Shagofa

Noor

 

bachelor

English

Lecturer

19

Fawad

Kakar

 

Bachelor

English

Lecturer

20

Omid

Tajik

 

Bachelor

English

Lecturer

21

Jafar

Frahmand

 

Bachelor

English

Lecturer

22

M.Naeem

Maliky

 

Master

English

Lecturer

23

Mir Abdullah

Miri

 

Master

English

Lecturer

24

Khalid Ahmad

Siddiq

 

Master

English

Head of the Department

25

Najala

Azar

 

Bachelor

English

Lecturer

26

Parigul

Nabizada

 

Bachelor

English

Lecturer

27

Ab.Wahab

Owais

 

Master

Arabic

Lecturer

28

Jawad

Mohegh

 

Bachelor

Arabic

Lecturer

29

Soma

Nazari

 

Bachelor

Arabic

Lecturer

30

Abdulla

Amini

 

Bachelor

Arabic

Head of department

31

M.Sadiq

Esar

 

Bachelor

Arabic

Afghanistan Scholarship

32

Ezatulla

Habibian

 

Bachelor

Arabic

Afghanistan Scholarship

33

Fazl Ahmad

Fazil

 

Master

Arabic

Lecturer

34

Ferdouce

Bahar

 

Bachelor

Pashto

Kabul Scholarship

35

Shokrullah

Akef

 

Bachelor

Pashto

Head of department

36

Ab.Wahid

Nasiry

 

Bachelor

Pashto

Lecturer

37

Ab.Rahim

Rahimi

 

Master

Pashto

Lecturer

38

Farhad

Mohmand

 

Bachelor

Pashto

Kabul Scholarship

39

Esmatulla

Meyankhel

 

Bachelor

Pashto

Nangarhar scholarship

40

M.Hashim

Atmankhel

 

master

Pashto

Lecturer

41

Ghulam Rabbani

Osmani

 

Bachelor

German

Lecturer

42

Yeya

Rezazada

 

Bachelor

German

Head of department

43

Masoud

Nasiry

 

Bachelor

German

Lecturer

 

Chart of graduated students from different departments of faculty of letters & humanities since its foundation until recent 1394.

No.

Year

Male

Female

Total

Observations

1

1370

2

8

10

First graduations

2

1371

0

0

0

 

3

1372

4

10

14

 

4

1373

8

12

20

 

5

1374

3

o

3

Taliban Regime

6

1375

8

0

9

 

7

1376

2

0

2

 

8

1377

10

0

10

 

9

1378

3

0

3

 

10

1379

1

0

1

 

11

1380

2

5

7

Transactional regime

12

1381

6

9

15

 

13

1382

10

9

19

 

14

1383

10

8

18

 

15

1384

37

33

70

 

16

1385

43

49

92

 

17

1386

53

56

109

 

18

1387

47

38

95

 

19

1388

59

37

96

 

20

1389

53

30

83

 

21

1390

68

74

142

 

22

1391

100

109

209

 

23

1392

76

96

172

 

24

1393

73

65

138

 

25

1394

58

60

118